BIODIESEL FROM ANIMAL FAT PDF



Biodiesel From Animal Fat Pdf

Feasibility of Biodiesel from Waste/Recycled Greases and. 09/09/2017В В· Waste animal fat is a promising feedstock to replace vegetable oil that widely used in commercial biodiesel process, however the high content of free fatty acid in waste fat makes it unfeasible to be processed with commercial base-catalytic process. Enzymatic process is preferable to convert waste fat into biodiesel since enzyme can catalyze, Non-edible feedstocks such as animal fat wastes (AFWs) have recently increased in popularity as alternatives to vegetable oils in the production of biodiesel. They are low cost, mitigate environmental damage and increase the quality of the resultant.

How to Make Bio Diesel 11 Steps (with Pictures) wikiHow

Biodiesel from Low-Grade Animal Fat Production Process. Biodiesel is produced from the triacylglycerol-containing material by means of a transesterification reaction. In this process, alcohol (methanol/ethanol) and animal fats are mixed in the molar ratio of 6:1, heated at 60-650C for 1hr and the ambient pressure in the presence of catalyst such as NaOH/KOH. Before that, animal fat gets, vii Page Table 5.8. Biodiesel yield (wt%) from animal tallow using combined Novozyme 435 and NS88001 with different alcohols at a reaction temperature of 45 В°C and different.

This form is part of the guide to using animal fat or cooking oil in biodiesel production. Biodiesel producers must apply for approval to use animal by-products (ABPs), with some exceptions You must apply for approval from the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) before using animal fat or animal oil to make biodiesel. You also need APHA approval to use vegetable oil from a food

Animal Fat Wastes for Biodiesel Production. Chapter (PDF Available) В· November 2011 with 1,272 Reads How we measure 'reads' A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such 09/09/2017В В· Waste animal fat is a promising feedstock to replace vegetable oil that widely used in commercial biodiesel process, however the high content of free fatty acid in waste fat makes it unfeasible to be processed with commercial base-catalytic process. Enzymatic process is preferable to convert waste fat into biodiesel since enzyme can catalyze

This form is part of the guide to using animal fat or cooking oil in biodiesel production. Biodiesel producers must apply for approval to use animal by-products (ABPs), with some exceptions Biodiesel Blend, n - a blend of biodiesel fuel meeting ASTM D 6751 with petroleum-based diesel fuel, designated BXX, where XX represents the volume percentage of biodiesel fuel in the blend. Producing Biodiesel. Biodiesel is made through a chemical process called transesterification whereby the glycerin is separated from the fat or vegetable

animal fats (dairy cow and beef) to produce biodiesel by varying process parameters such as catalyst amount, catalyst nature, reaction time and temperature. The maximum biodiesel yield after B100 (pure biodiesel) made from animal fat should only be used in a very warm climate. However, animal fat biodiesel can be blended with petro-diesel. At lower blends such as B5 (a blend of 5% biodiesel with 95% petro-diesel), the high cloud point of the animal fat biodiesel does not have much effect on the cloud point of the blend.

Animal Fat Wastes for Biodiesel Production. Chapter (PDF Available) В· November 2011 with 1,272 Reads How we measure 'reads' A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such 09/09/2017В В· Waste animal fat is a promising feedstock to replace vegetable oil that widely used in commercial biodiesel process, however the high content of free fatty acid in waste fat makes it unfeasible to be processed with commercial base-catalytic process. Enzymatic process is preferable to convert waste fat into biodiesel since enzyme can catalyze

Animal Fat Wastes for Biodiesel Production. Chapter (PDF Available) В· November 2011 with 1,272 Reads How we measure 'reads' A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such The production process of biodiesel from animal fats is validated. 750mL of biodiesel can be obtained from 1kg of animal fat. The blended biodiesel B5, B10, B15 and B20 were tested on IC engine of electric generator, the power and output current were nearly similar to B0. The risk of the environmental pollution by the gas emission from the

The Production of Biodiesel from Animal Tallow to be Used

biodiesel from animal fat pdf

The Production of Biodiesel from Animal Tallow to be Used. Non-edible feedstocks such as animal fat wastes (AFWs) have recently increased in popularity as alternatives to vegetable oils in the production of biodiesel. They are low cost, mitigate environmental damage and increase the quality of the resultant, Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil Carlos A. Guerrero F., AndrГ©s Gu errero-Romero and Fabio E. Sierra National University of Colombia, Colombia 1. Introduction Biodiesel refers to all kinds of alternative fuels derived from vegetable oils or animal fats..

Lipase Applications in Biodiesel Production

biodiesel from animal fat pdf

Effect of supercritical carbon dioxide BMC Biotechnology. BIOFUEL PRODUCTION FROM WASTE ANIMAL FAT USING PYROLYSIS (THERMAL CRACKING) MSc RESEARCH DISSERTATION Prepared by Lawrence Ikechukwu Obidike 0312936W Submitted to School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Supervisor: Dr. Jean Mulopo Co-Supervisor: Dr. … https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vegetable_oil 03/03/2014 · The boys have figured out a way to play with nature's tool box and convert pig fat into biodiesel. For more Hillbilly Blood, visit http://www.destinationam....

biodiesel from animal fat pdf


vegetable oil or animal fat, biodiesel is generally considered to be renewable. Since the carbon in the oil or fat originated mostly from carbon dioxide in the air, biodiesel is considered to contribute much less to global warming than fossil fuels. Diesel engines operated on biodiesel have lower emissions of carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons, particulate matter, and air toxics than when Biodiesel from different mixtures of animal fat and soybean oil has been synthesized, and its properties have been evaluated and related to its composition. A mixture of 50 vol % of both raw materials has been selected as a suitable feedstock for industrial biodiesel production, and a computer simulation of the production process using Aspen

03/03/2014 · The boys have figured out a way to play with nature's tool box and convert pig fat into biodiesel. For more Hillbilly Blood, visit http://www.destinationam... Timothy Ramey, senior research analyst at D.A. Davidson & Co., told CNBC’s “Squawk on the Street” that the Tyson Foods-ConocoPhillips deal to produce biodiesel from animal fat will plump

vii Page Table 5.8. Biodiesel yield (wt%) from animal tallow using combined Novozyme 435 and NS88001 with different alcohols at a reaction temperature of 45 В°C and different Biodiesel is produced from the triacylglycerol-containing material by means of a transesterification reaction. In this process, alcohol (methanol/ethanol) and animal fats are mixed in the molar ratio of 6:1, heated at 60-650C for 1hr and the ambient pressure in the presence of catalyst such as NaOH/KOH. Before that, animal fat gets

29/02/2016В В· Biodiesel Production- This lecture explains about the production of biodiesel using plant vegitable oil and animal fats. What Is Biodiesel? Biodiesel is an alternative fuel similar to conventional Biodiesel is produced from the triacylglycerol-containing material by means of a transesterification reaction. In this process, alcohol (methanol/ethanol) and animal fats are mixed in the molar ratio of 6:1, heated at 60-650C for 1hr and the ambient pressure in the presence of catalyst such as NaOH/KOH. Before that, animal fat gets

03/03/2014В В· The boys have figured out a way to play with nature's tool box and convert pig fat into biodiesel. For more Hillbilly Blood, visit http://www.destinationam... Biodiesel is defined as the mono-alkyl esters of fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats. In simple terms, biodiesel is the product obtained when a vegetable oil or animal fat is chemically reacted with an alcohol to produce fatty acid alkyl esters. A catalyst such as sodium or potassium hydroxide is required. Glycerol is

Timothy Ramey, senior research analyst at D.A. Davidson & Co., told CNBC’s “Squawk on the Street” that the Tyson Foods-ConocoPhillips deal to produce biodiesel from animal fat will plump Non-edible feedstocks such as animal fat wastes (AFWs) have recently increased in popularity as alternatives to vegetable oils in the production of biodiesel. They are low cost, mitigate environmental damage and increase the quality of the resultant

Biodiesel is defined as the mono-alkyl esters of fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats. In simple terms, biodiesel is the product obtained when a vegetable oil or animal fat is chemically reacted with an alcohol to produce fatty acid alkyl esters. A catalyst such as sodium or potassium hydroxide is required. Glycerol is Studying alternative raw materials for biodiesel production is of major importance. The use of mixtures, namely, by incorporating wastes, is an environmental friendly alternative and might reduce production costs. The objective of the present work was (i) to study biodiesel production using vegetable oils (virgin and waste) mixed with animal

vegetable oil or animal fat, biodiesel is generally considered to be renewable. Since the carbon in the oil or fat originated mostly from carbon dioxide in the air, biodiesel is considered to contribute much less to global warming than fossil fuels. Diesel engines operated on biodiesel have lower emissions of carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons, particulate matter, and air toxics than when Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil Carlos A. Guerrero F., AndrГ©s Gu errero-Romero and Fabio E. Sierra National University of Colombia, Colombia 1. Introduction Biodiesel refers to all kinds of alternative fuels derived from vegetable oils or animal fats.

Biodiesel Education

biodiesel from animal fat pdf

International Journal of Materials Science and Engineering. Indirect emissions from rendered animal fats used for biodiesel 4 As can be seen in Figure 1, the production of animal fat from raw material has been fairly stable over the last 5 years. From year to year there are fluctuations in preferences for different types of animal meats. For example, interviews reveal that the last few years have seen a, 09/09/2017В В· Waste animal fat is a promising feedstock to replace vegetable oil that widely used in commercial biodiesel process, however the high content of free fatty acid in waste fat makes it unfeasible to be processed with commercial base-catalytic process. Enzymatic process is preferable to convert waste fat into biodiesel since enzyme can catalyze.

A Comparative Analysis of Biodiesel and Diesel Emissions

Lipase Applications in Biodiesel Production. This form is part of the guide to using animal fat or cooking oil in biodiesel production. Biodiesel producers must apply for approval to use animal by-products (ABPs), with some exceptions, According to the results, ester yield values of animal fat methyl esters were slightly lower than that of the corn oil methyl ester (COME). The production cost of COME was higher than those of animal fat methyl esters due to being high cost biodiesel feedstock. The fuel properties of produced methyl esters were close to each other. Especially.

Non-edible feedstocks such as animal fat wastes (AFWs) have recently increased in popularity as alternatives to vegetable oils in the production of biodiesel. They are low cost, mitigate environmental damage and increase the quality of the resultant Biodiesel is produced from the triacylglycerol-containing material by means of a transesterification reaction. In this process, alcohol (methanol/ethanol) and animal fats are mixed in the molar ratio of 6:1, heated at 60-650C for 1hr and the ambient pressure in the presence of catalyst such as NaOH/KOH. Before that, animal fat gets

In biodiesel production, to use low cost feedstock such as rendered animal fats may reduce the biodiesel cost. One of the low cost feedstock is the chicken fat for biodiesel production. However, chicken fats often contain significant amounts of free fatty acid (FFA) which cannot be converted to biodiesel … According to the results, ester yield values of animal fat methyl esters were slightly lower than that of the corn oil methyl ester (COME). The production cost of COME was higher than those of animal fat methyl esters due to being high cost biodiesel feedstock. The fuel properties of produced methyl esters were close to each other. Especially

Schematic diagram of the integrated fat extraction–biodiesel production system (Salvi, 2012). 8. Aspects to consider in the production of biodiesel from animal fat. Biodiesel is usually produced from high quality vegetable oils. These feedstocks have high cost, which currently accounts for over 85% of biodiesel production expenses. In You can mix biodiesel with conventional diesel petrol fuel, but not gasoline. Step 2 – Animal selection . When making biodiesel from animal fat, the general consensus is that beef tallow is the best fat you can use. However, that’s not “completely” true. The biggest reason that beef tallow is …

Schematic diagram of the integrated fat extraction–biodiesel production system (Salvi, 2012). 8. Aspects to consider in the production of biodiesel from animal fat. Biodiesel is usually produced from high quality vegetable oils. These feedstocks have high cost, which currently accounts for over 85% of biodiesel production expenses. In Study of manufacturing biodiesel from waste animal fats (chicken) in Morocco Maryem Belgharza¹, EL habib EL Azzouzi 1, Meryem Kitane 2, Hind El Bouzaidi 1, Yahya Idrissi 1 and Mohamed Alaoui El Belghiti 1 1Laboratoire de Chimie Physique Générale, Département de Chimie, Université Mohammed V, Faculté des Sciences, Avenue Ibn Batouta, Rabat

The production process of biodiesel from animal fats is validated. 750mL of biodiesel can be obtained from 1kg of animal fat. The blended biodiesel B5, B10, B15 and B20 were tested on IC engine of electric generator, the power and output current were nearly similar to B0. The risk of the environmental pollution by the gas emission from the alternative to current fuels. Biofuels like biodiesel is produced from variety of resources such as vegetable oils and animal fats. In this study, it could be determined that inedible animal fat could also prove a better source for production of biodiesel. In addition, few laboratory works was conducted in

Some animal fat based feedstocks are already in used at the industrial scale (e.g. chicken, tallow, lard fats) for biodiesel production , , . The use of animal fat wastes as biodiesel feedstocks offers economic, environmental, and food security advantages over the more commonly used edible vegetable oils. Timothy Ramey, senior research analyst at D.A. Davidson & Co., told CNBC’s “Squawk on the Street” that the Tyson Foods-ConocoPhillips deal to produce biodiesel from animal fat will plump

How to Make Homemade Biodiesel Biodiesel is a diesel fuel made from animal fats, vegetable oils, or recycled restaurant greases. It is not only biodegradable but also safer and produces fewer air pollutants compared to petroleum-based diesel. Biodiesel is typically made by reacting lipids with alcohols to produce fatty acid esters. This Biodiesel Fuel from Animal Fat. Ancillary Studies on Transesterification of Beef Tallow Fangrui Ma,1 L. Davis Clements,2 and Milford A. Hanna3 1 Food Science and Technology, University of Nebraska–Lincoln 2 Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska–Lincoln 3 Industrial Agricultural Products Center, University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Animal fats including tallow, white grease (lard), yellow grease, chicken fat, and fish oil are also good raw materials for biodiesel. The most common raw materials for biodiesel in the U.S. today are virgin soybean oil, animal fats, and recycled vegetable oil. Which feedstocks for biodiesel are most sustainable? Biodiesel is defined as the mono-alkyl esters of fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats. In simple terms, biodiesel is the product obtained when a vegetable oil or animal fat is chemically reacted with an alcohol to produce fatty acid alkyl esters. A catalyst such as sodium or potassium hydroxide is required. Glycerol is

Biodiesel is defined as the mono-alkyl esters of fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats. In simple terms, biodiesel is the product obtained when a vegetable oil or animal fat is chemically reacted with an alcohol to produce fatty acid alkyl esters. A catalyst such as sodium or potassium hydroxide is required. Glycerol is waste cooking oil to fuel program “how to start your own biodiesel fuel program” 1

Animals are slaughtered to produce their by-products which can be well utilized for various applications in day to day human life, thus, contributing to the value of animals. Removal of fat from various parts of the animal body can be done by various methods, mainly dry rendering and wet rendering. The most advantageous technique is low In biodiesel production, to use low cost feedstock such as rendered animal fats may reduce the biodiesel cost. One of the low cost feedstock is the chicken fat for biodiesel production. However, chicken fats often contain significant amounts of free fatty acid (FFA) which cannot be converted to biodiesel …

waste cooking oil to fuel program “how to start your own biodiesel fuel program” 1 animal fat biodiesel has not been released, but biodiesel made from soybean oil generates 79 percent less atmospheric carbon overall than regular diesel and researchers are anticipating similar or even better results for biodiesel made from animal fats. This score makes animal fat biodiesel more competitive under proposed RFS regulations.

In biodiesel production, to use low cost feedstock such as rendered animal fats may reduce the biodiesel cost. One of the low cost feedstock is the chicken fat for biodiesel production. However, chicken fats often contain significant amounts of free fatty acid (FFA) which cannot be converted to biodiesel … You must apply for approval from the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) before using animal fat or animal oil to make biodiesel. You also need APHA approval to use vegetable oil from a food

Non-edible feedstocks such as animal fat wastes (AFWs) have recently increased in popularity as alternatives to vegetable oils in the production of biodiesel. They are low cost, mitigate environmental damage and increase the quality of the resultant According to the results, ester yield values of animal fat methyl esters were slightly lower than that of the corn oil methyl ester (COME). The production cost of COME was higher than those of animal fat methyl esters due to being high cost biodiesel feedstock. The fuel properties of produced methyl esters were close to each other. Especially

Characterization of Biodiesel Produced from Chicken Fat

biodiesel from animal fat pdf

Biodiesel producers when you can use animal fat and. Animal fats including tallow, white grease (lard), yellow grease, chicken fat, and fish oil are also good raw materials for biodiesel. The most common raw materials for biodiesel in the U.S. today are virgin soybean oil, animal fats, and recycled vegetable oil. Which feedstocks for biodiesel are most sustainable?, biodiesel production such as vegetable oil, animal fat, algal lipid and waste oil and so on. Currently, the commercial biodiesel is mainly produced from vegetable oil, however, it is also needed for human consumption. Because of consumers’ necessity, the price of such oil makes the overall production cost of biodiesel less com-.

Biodiesel Production YouTube

biodiesel from animal fat pdf

Mixtures of Vegetable Oils and Animal Fat for Biodiesel. Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters. Biodiesel is typically made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g., vegetable oil, soybean oil, animal fat (tallow)) with an alcohol producing fatty acid esters. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal_fat Animal Fat Wastes fo r Biodiesel Production 47 world biodiesel production, followed by sunflower seed oil, soybean oil and palm oil. Some sources for vegetable oil extraction to be use in biodiesel production are: castor berry, palm.

biodiesel from animal fat pdf


Biodiesel is defined as the mono-alkyl esters of fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats. In simple terms, biodiesel is the product obtained when a vegetable oil or animal fat is chemically reacted with an alcohol to produce fatty acid alkyl esters. A catalyst such as sodium or potassium hydroxide is required. Glycerol is 16/12/2010В В· How to Make Bio Diesel. Biodiesel is an alternative fuel for diesel engines made from vegetable oil and/or animal fat. Since it is derived from renewable organic materials and has been shown to reduce certain harmful emissions when burned...

Schematic diagram of the integrated fat extraction–biodiesel production system (Salvi, 2012). 8. Aspects to consider in the production of biodiesel from animal fat. Biodiesel is usually produced from high quality vegetable oils. These feedstocks have high cost, which currently accounts for over 85% of biodiesel production expenses. In Biodiesel is an alternative to petroleum-based diesel created from renewable resources such as used oils, animal fats, and oils derived from plants. The active compounds in biodiesels are known as fatty acid methyl esters (FAME), which are converted from triglycerides in a reaction known as transesterification. This process uses methanol and a

waste vegetable and animal oil, JRC 2013 reports biodiesel from used cooking oil and biodiesel based on animal fats separately. According to this, the options biodiesel from used cooking oil and biodiesel from animal fats are also considered separately within the context of this study. In Chapter 3, a GHG balance for a basic scenario is first This form is part of the guide to using animal fat or cooking oil in biodiesel production. Biodiesel producers must apply for approval to use animal by-products (ABPs), with some exceptions

You must apply for approval from the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) before using animal fat or animal oil to make biodiesel. You also need APHA approval to use vegetable oil from a food You can mix biodiesel with conventional diesel petrol fuel, but not gasoline. Step 2 – Animal selection . When making biodiesel from animal fat, the general consensus is that beef tallow is the best fat you can use. However, that’s not “completely” true. The biggest reason that beef tallow is …

Schematic diagram of the integrated fat extraction–biodiesel production system (Salvi, 2012). 8. Aspects to consider in the production of biodiesel from animal fat. Biodiesel is usually produced from high quality vegetable oils. These feedstocks have high cost, which currently accounts for over 85% of biodiesel production expenses. In 29/02/2016 · Biodiesel Production- This lecture explains about the production of biodiesel using plant vegitable oil and animal fats. What Is Biodiesel? Biodiesel is an alternative fuel similar to conventional

09/09/2017В В· Waste animal fat is a promising feedstock to replace vegetable oil that widely used in commercial biodiesel process, however the high content of free fatty acid in waste fat makes it unfeasible to be processed with commercial base-catalytic process. Enzymatic process is preferable to convert waste fat into biodiesel since enzyme can catalyze 09/09/2017В В· Waste animal fat is a promising feedstock to replace vegetable oil that widely used in commercial biodiesel process, however the high content of free fatty acid in waste fat makes it unfeasible to be processed with commercial base-catalytic process. Enzymatic process is preferable to convert waste fat into biodiesel since enzyme can catalyze

Indirect emissions from rendered animal fats used for biodiesel 4 As can be seen in Figure 1, the production of animal fat from raw material has been fairly stable over the last 5 years. From year to year there are fluctuations in preferences for different types of animal meats. For example, interviews reveal that the last few years have seen a This form is part of the guide to using animal fat or cooking oil in biodiesel production. Biodiesel producers must apply for approval to use animal by-products (ABPs), with some exceptions

Biodiesel Education Program at the University of Idaho. If you are looking for any biodiesel related information, this website provides you with an unbiased information through peer-reviewed publications, videos, technical notes, and thousands to literature organized with the topics you are looking for. This should be the first (and probably highest conversion percentage (96.5%). The yield of biodiesel from pennycress oil was lower (77.44%) than that from chicken fat. The biodiesel obtained under these conditions had characteristics very similar to those described in the ASTM standards for biodiesel. Keywords: Biodiesel, vegetable oil, animal fat, bioenergy, biofuels 1. Introduction

According to the results, ester yield values of animal fat methyl esters were slightly lower than that of the corn oil methyl ester (COME). The production cost of COME was higher than those of animal fat methyl esters due to being high cost biodiesel feedstock. The fuel properties of produced methyl esters were close to each other. Especially Chapter 8 Lipase Applications in Biodiesel Production Sevil Yücel, Pınar Terzioğlu and Didem Özçimen Additional information is available at the end of the chapter

Chapter 8 Lipase Applications in Biodiesel Production Sevil Yücel, Pınar Terzioğlu and Didem Özçimen Additional information is available at the end of the chapter Animal Fat Wastes for Biodiesel Production. Chapter (PDF Available) · November 2011 with 1,272 Reads How we measure 'reads' A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such

vegetable oil or animal fat, biodiesel is generally considered to be renewable. Since the carbon in the oil or fat originated mostly from carbon dioxide in the air, biodiesel is considered to contribute much less to global warming than fossil fuels. Diesel engines operated on biodiesel have lower emissions of carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons, particulate matter, and air toxics than when waste vegetable and animal oil, JRC 2013 reports biodiesel from used cooking oil and biodiesel based on animal fats separately. According to this, the options biodiesel from used cooking oil and biodiesel from animal fats are also considered separately within the context of this study. In Chapter 3, a GHG balance for a basic scenario is first

Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil Carlos A. Guerrero F., Andrés Gu errero-Romero and Fabio E. Sierra National University of Colombia, Colombia 1. Introduction Biodiesel refers to all kinds of alternative fuels derived from vegetable oils or animal fats. BIOFUEL PRODUCTION FROM WASTE ANIMAL FAT USING PYROLYSIS (THERMAL CRACKING) MSc RESEARCH DISSERTATION Prepared by Lawrence Ikechukwu Obidike 0312936W Submitted to School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Supervisor: Dr. Jean Mulopo Co-Supervisor: Dr. …

Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters. Biodiesel is typically made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g., vegetable oil, soybean oil, animal fat (tallow)) with an alcohol producing fatty acid esters. Chapter 8 Lipase Applications in Biodiesel Production Sevil Yücel, Pınar Terzioğlu and Didem Özçimen Additional information is available at the end of the chapter