ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY INSTRUMENTATION PDF



Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Instrumentation Pdf

What is AAS? – Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Learning Module. Atomic absorption Spectroscopy Instrumentation: Atomic absorption spectroscopy unlike other spectroscopy methods has two additional requirements like a specially designed lamp to produce light of desired wave and a burner to prepare the sample for absorption of light. 1. The burner to dry the sample and produce atoms. 2. Sample container. 3., What is AAS? Atomic absorption spectroscopy is a commonly used technique for the determination of single elements in compounds. As the name suggests, the ….

Explain Construction and Working of Atomic Absorption

What is AAS? – Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Learning Module. In 1955 Walsh established the foundations of modern analytical atomic absorption spectroscopy. In the same year Alkemade and Milatz also published a paper suggesting similar procedures. The work of Walsh, however, was much more detailed, since he examined the theory of the method, the basic principles involved, the instrumentation requirements, 3/28/2011В В· A short lecture about Atomic Spectroscopy: Flame Photometry, Atomic Absorption, and Atomic Emission with Coupled Plasma (FP, AA and ICP-AES). Presented at 28.03.2011, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, by Vasiliy Rosen, M.Sc..

Chapter 2 is devoted to atomic-absorption spectrometry (AAS). The basics of AAS instrumentation are described, but there is little information on atomization and interference. mechanisms in both flame and electrothermal atomization (ETA). Indeed, of the fourteen pages … 2. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) Atomic Absorption pectrophotometer analytical S instrument is based on the principle of atomic absorption spectroscopy and is very useful to detect the metal ion concentration present in drinking water samples. When a sampe souton is asprated into a …

The atomic absorption spectroscopy principle uses the fact that the free electrons generated in an atomizer can absorb radiation at specific frequency. It quantifies the absorption of ground-state atoms in the gaseous state. Atomic fluorescence spectroscopy: This is a combination of atomic emission and atomic absorption as it involves radiation Theory of Atomic Spectroscopy Basic Principles. Fundamentals of Absorption and Emission. Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) Introduction. Instrumentation. Spectral Interference. Chemical Interferences. Data Treatment Quantitative Analysis. Hyphenated …

PDF On Apr 1, 2015, R R Pawar and others published Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of PDF On Apr 1, 2015, R R Pawar and others published Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of

10/19/2014 · A discussion of the electromagnetic spectrum and atomic spectroscopy. General Chemistry Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Working and Instrumentation - … b) Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS): We let through the fire a light beam with such a wavelenght that can be absorbed by ground state atoms and thus we measure the decrease of light intensity. b) Atomic fluorescent spectroscopy We irradiate the ground state atoms with an external light source, however we measure the

Schematic Diagram For Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Atomic Absorption spectrometer is an instrument used for quantitative analysis of most of Monochromator Detector Nebulizer Read-out Schematic diagram. furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAA) (Figure 1). Figure 1. Simplified schematic diagram of the major components of a quadrupole ICP PDF On Apr 1, 2015, R R Pawar and others published Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of

Schematic Diagram For Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Atomic Absorption spectrometer is an instrument used for quantitative analysis of most of Monochromator Detector Nebulizer Read-out Schematic diagram. furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAA) (Figure 1). Figure 1. Simplified schematic diagram of the major components of a quadrupole ICP 10/13/2018В В· The main components of the instrumentation used are as follow; 1) Source of Radiations: It is a hollow cathode sup. It is consist of the glass jacket containing cup shaped cathode made up of the

Analytical Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy SpringerLink

atomic absorption spectroscopy instrumentation pdf

Explain Construction and Working of Atomic Absorption. 6/3/2013В В· application QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS : in atomic absorption spectroscopy, a different HCL is to be used for each element to be tested. It means that an element which Is used in in the construction of cathode of HCL, can be detected only. As QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS involves the checking of one element at a time, it means that the process is very laborious., b) Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS): We let through the fire a light beam with such a wavelenght that can be absorbed by ground state atoms and thus we measure the decrease of light intensity. b) Atomic fluorescent spectroscopy We irradiate the ground state atoms with an external light source, however we measure the.

Schematic Diagram For Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy

atomic absorption spectroscopy instrumentation pdf

Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Questions & Answers. 10/22/2013 · This compilation deals with all aspects of atomic absorption spectroscopy, focusing on fundamental developments, metallurgical and biological applications of atomic absorption spectroscopy, atomic fluorescence spectroscopy, developments in instrumentation, theoretical aspects, and chemical and physical interference effects. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_emission_spectroscopy 2. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) Atomic Absorption pectrophotometer analytical S instrument is based on the principle of atomic absorption spectroscopy and is very useful to detect the metal ion concentration present in drinking water samples. When a sampe souton is asprated into a ….

atomic absorption spectroscopy instrumentation pdf

  • Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Questions & Answers
  • ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPYauthorSTREAM

  • Atomic absorption Spectroscopy Instrumentation: Atomic absorption spectroscopy unlike other spectroscopy methods has two additional requirements like a specially designed lamp to produce light of desired wave and a burner to prepare the sample for absorption of light. 1. The burner to dry the sample and produce atoms. 2. Sample container. 3. Chapter 2 is devoted to atomic-absorption spectrometry (AAS). The basics of AAS instrumentation are described, but there is little information on atomization and interference. mechanisms in both flame and electrothermal atomization (ETA). Indeed, of the fourteen pages …

    Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Questions & Answers 1. Which of the following is the principle of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy? a) Radiation is absorbed by non-excited atoms in vapour state and are excited to higher states b) Medium absorbs radiation and transmitted radiation is measured c) Colour is measured d) Colour is... Introduction to Spectroscopy and Applications. March2017 i spectroscopy using modern instrumentation. Absorption spectroscopy is the study of light absorbed by molecules. For absorbance measurements, white light is passed through a sample and then through a device (such as a

    PDF On Apr 1, 2015, R R Pawar and others published Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of Schematic Diagram For Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Atomic Absorption spectrometer is an instrument used for quantitative analysis of most of Monochromator Detector Nebulizer Read-out Schematic diagram. furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAA) (Figure 1). Figure 1. Simplified schematic diagram of the major components of a quadrupole ICP

    Chapter 2 is devoted to atomic-absorption spectrometry (AAS). The basics of AAS instrumentation are described, but there is little information on atomization and interference. mechanisms in both flame and electrothermal atomization (ETA). Indeed, of the fourteen pages … 6/17/2019 · So that was all about Infrared spectroscopy, Principle, Instrumentation and Applications. hope it will help you. Categories Analysis Tags ir spectroscopy applications, ir spectroscopy instrumentation, ir spectroscopy pdf, ir spectroscopy How The Best Leaders Lead Free PDF Download Brian Tracy. Instrumentation of Atomic absorption

    Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Questions & Answers 1. Which of the following is the principle of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy? a) Radiation is absorbed by non-excited atoms in vapour state and are excited to higher states b) Medium absorbs radiation and transmitted radiation is measured c) Colour is measured d) Colour is... b) Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS): We let through the fire a light beam with such a wavelenght that can be absorbed by ground state atoms and thus we measure the decrease of light intensity. b) Atomic fluorescent spectroscopy We irradiate the ground state atoms with an external light source, however we measure the

    atomicabsorptionspectroscopy - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. atomic absorption spectroscopy 3/28/2011В В· A short lecture about Atomic Spectroscopy: Flame Photometry, Atomic Absorption, and Atomic Emission with Coupled Plasma (FP, AA and ICP-AES). Presented at 28.03.2011, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, by Vasiliy Rosen, M.Sc.

    Explain Construction and Working of Atomic Absorption

    atomic absorption spectroscopy instrumentation pdf

    What is AAS? – Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Learning Module. 10/22/2013В В· This compilation deals with all aspects of atomic absorption spectroscopy, focusing on fundamental developments, metallurgical and biological applications of atomic absorption spectroscopy, atomic fluorescence spectroscopy, developments in instrumentation, theoretical aspects, and chemical and physical interference effects., 10/19/2014В В· A discussion of the electromagnetic spectrum and atomic spectroscopy. General Chemistry Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Working and Instrumentation - ….

    ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPYauthorSTREAM

    Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Questions & Answers. What is AAS? Atomic absorption spectroscopy is a commonly used technique for the determination of single elements in compounds. As the name suggests, the …, INSTRUMENTAL CHEMICAL ANALYSIS: BASIC PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES . 2 3.1.1a Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) 8 3.1.1b Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (AES) 8 Instrumentation: A simple flame photometer consists of burner, nebulizer, monochromator, detector and recorder. The following is the simplified figure:.

    3/28/2011 · A short lecture about Atomic Spectroscopy: Flame Photometry, Atomic Absorption, and Atomic Emission with Coupled Plasma (FP, AA and ICP-AES). Presented at 28.03.2011, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, by Vasiliy Rosen, M.Sc. What is AAS? Atomic absorption spectroscopy is a commonly used technique for the determination of single elements in compounds. As the name suggests, the …

    3/28/2011В В· A short lecture about Atomic Spectroscopy: Flame Photometry, Atomic Absorption, and Atomic Emission with Coupled Plasma (FP, AA and ICP-AES). Presented at 28.03.2011, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, by Vasiliy Rosen, M.Sc. 6/17/2019В В· So that was all about Infrared spectroscopy, Principle, Instrumentation and Applications. hope it will help you. Categories Analysis Tags ir spectroscopy applications, ir spectroscopy instrumentation, ir spectroscopy pdf, ir spectroscopy How The Best Leaders Lead Free PDF Download Brian Tracy. Instrumentation of Atomic absorption

    In 1955 Walsh established the foundations of modern analytical atomic absorption spectroscopy. In the same year Alkemade and Milatz also published a paper suggesting similar procedures. The work of Walsh, however, was much more detailed, since he examined the theory of the method, the basic principles involved, the instrumentation requirements Atomic absorption Spectroscopy Instrumentation: Atomic absorption spectroscopy unlike other spectroscopy methods has two additional requirements like a specially designed lamp to produce light of desired wave and a burner to prepare the sample for absorption of light. 1. The burner to dry the sample and produce atoms. 2. Sample container. 3.

    b) Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS): We let through the fire a light beam with such a wavelenght that can be absorbed by ground state atoms and thus we measure the decrease of light intensity. b) Atomic fluorescent spectroscopy We irradiate the ground state atoms with an external light source, however we measure the 10/20/2019В В· Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Instrumentation & applications. Atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) is another interesting type of spectroscopy. It is specifically designed for the analysis of the metals and metalloids substances. By definition, AAS is a quantitative analytical technique wherein the absorption of a specific wavelength of

    6/3/2013В В· application QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS : in atomic absorption spectroscopy, a different HCL is to be used for each element to be tested. It means that an element which Is used in in the construction of cathode of HCL, can be detected only. As QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS involves the checking of one element at a time, it means that the process is very laborious. 6/3/2013В В· application QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS : in atomic absorption spectroscopy, a different HCL is to be used for each element to be tested. It means that an element which Is used in in the construction of cathode of HCL, can be detected only. As QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS involves the checking of one element at a time, it means that the process is very laborious.

    2. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) Atomic Absorption pectrophotometer analytical S instrument is based on the principle of atomic absorption spectroscopy and is very useful to detect the metal ion concentration present in drinking water samples. When a sampe souton is asprated into a … PDF On Apr 1, 2015, R R Pawar and others published Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of

    3/28/2011В В· A short lecture about Atomic Spectroscopy: Flame Photometry, Atomic Absorption, and Atomic Emission with Coupled Plasma (FP, AA and ICP-AES). Presented at 28.03.2011, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, by Vasiliy Rosen, M.Sc. In 1955 Walsh established the foundations of modern analytical atomic absorption spectroscopy. In the same year Alkemade and Milatz also published a paper suggesting similar procedures. The work of Walsh, however, was much more detailed, since he examined the theory of the method, the basic principles involved, the instrumentation requirements

    Introduction to Spectroscopy and Applications. March2017 i spectroscopy using modern instrumentation. Absorption spectroscopy is the study of light absorbed by molecules. For absorbance measurements, white light is passed through a sample and then through a device (such as a What is AAS? Atomic absorption spectroscopy is a commonly used technique for the determination of single elements in compounds. As the name suggests, the …

    6/3/2013В В· application QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS : in atomic absorption spectroscopy, a different HCL is to be used for each element to be tested. It means that an element which Is used in in the construction of cathode of HCL, can be detected only. As QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS involves the checking of one element at a time, it means that the process is very laborious. The atomic absorption spectroscopy principle uses the fact that the free electrons generated in an atomizer can absorb radiation at specific frequency. It quantifies the absorption of ground-state atoms in the gaseous state. Atomic fluorescence spectroscopy: This is a combination of atomic emission and atomic absorption as it involves radiation

    b) Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS): We let through the fire a light beam with such a wavelenght that can be absorbed by ground state atoms and thus we measure the decrease of light intensity. b) Atomic fluorescent spectroscopy We irradiate the ground state atoms with an external light source, however we measure the 10/22/2013В В· This compilation deals with all aspects of atomic absorption spectroscopy, focusing on fundamental developments, metallurgical and biological applications of atomic absorption spectroscopy, atomic fluorescence spectroscopy, developments in instrumentation, theoretical aspects, and chemical and physical interference effects.

    What is AAS? Atomic absorption spectroscopy is a commonly used technique for the determination of single elements in compounds. As the name suggests, the … Introduction to Spectroscopy and Applications. March2017 i spectroscopy using modern instrumentation. Absorption spectroscopy is the study of light absorbed by molecules. For absorbance measurements, white light is passed through a sample and then through a device (such as a

    b) Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS): We let through the fire a light beam with such a wavelenght that can be absorbed by ground state atoms and thus we measure the decrease of light intensity. b) Atomic fluorescent spectroscopy We irradiate the ground state atoms with an external light source, however we measure the 6/17/2019В В· So that was all about Infrared spectroscopy, Principle, Instrumentation and Applications. hope it will help you. Categories Analysis Tags ir spectroscopy applications, ir spectroscopy instrumentation, ir spectroscopy pdf, ir spectroscopy How The Best Leaders Lead Free PDF Download Brian Tracy. Instrumentation of Atomic absorption

    atomicabsorptionspectroscopy Atomic Absorption

    atomic absorption spectroscopy instrumentation pdf

    Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy 1st Edition. Introduction to Spectroscopy and Applications. March2017 i spectroscopy using modern instrumentation. Absorption spectroscopy is the study of light absorbed by molecules. For absorbance measurements, white light is passed through a sample and then through a device (such as a, 10/19/2014 · A discussion of the electromagnetic spectrum and atomic spectroscopy. General Chemistry Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Working and Instrumentation - ….

    How Does an Atomic Absorption Spectrometer Work? Sciencing. The atomic absorption spectroscopy principle uses the fact that the free electrons generated in an atomizer can absorb radiation at specific frequency. It quantifies the absorption of ground-state atoms in the gaseous state. Atomic fluorescence spectroscopy: This is a combination of atomic emission and atomic absorption as it involves radiation, 10/19/2014 · A discussion of the electromagnetic spectrum and atomic spectroscopy. General Chemistry Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Working and Instrumentation - ….

    Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Questions & Answers

    atomic absorption spectroscopy instrumentation pdf

    Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy 1st Edition. atomicabsorptionspectroscopy - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. atomic absorption spectroscopy https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_emission_spectroscopy Schematic Diagram For Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Atomic Absorption spectrometer is an instrument used for quantitative analysis of most of Monochromator Detector Nebulizer Read-out Schematic diagram. furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAA) (Figure 1). Figure 1. Simplified schematic diagram of the major components of a quadrupole ICP.

    atomic absorption spectroscopy instrumentation pdf

  • What is AAS? – Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Learning Module
  • Explain Construction and Working of Atomic Absorption
  • Chapter 2 Flame Atomic Absorption and Emission Spectrometry

  • Atomic absorption Spectroscopy Instrumentation: Atomic absorption spectroscopy unlike other spectroscopy methods has two additional requirements like a specially designed lamp to produce light of desired wave and a burner to prepare the sample for absorption of light. 1. The burner to dry the sample and produce atoms. 2. Sample container. 3. Atomic absorption (AA) is a scientific testing method used for detecting metals in solution. The sample is fragmented into very small drops (atomized). It is then fed into a flame. Isolated metal atoms interact with radiation that has been pre-set to certain wavelengths. This interaction is measured and interpreted.

    6/3/2013В В· application QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS : in atomic absorption spectroscopy, a different HCL is to be used for each element to be tested. It means that an element which Is used in in the construction of cathode of HCL, can be detected only. As QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS involves the checking of one element at a time, it means that the process is very laborious. Schematic Diagram For Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Atomic Absorption spectrometer is an instrument used for quantitative analysis of most of Monochromator Detector Nebulizer Read-out Schematic diagram. furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAA) (Figure 1). Figure 1. Simplified schematic diagram of the major components of a quadrupole ICP

    10/20/2019 · Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Instrumentation & applications. Atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) is another interesting type of spectroscopy. It is specifically designed for the analysis of the metals and metalloids substances. By definition, AAS is a quantitative analytical technique wherein the absorption of a specific wavelength of Theory of Atomic Spectroscopy Basic Principles. Fundamentals of Absorption and Emission. Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) Introduction. Instrumentation. Spectral Interference. Chemical Interferences. Data Treatment Quantitative Analysis. Hyphenated …

    b) Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS): We let through the fire a light beam with such a wavelenght that can be absorbed by ground state atoms and thus we measure the decrease of light intensity. b) Atomic fluorescent spectroscopy We irradiate the ground state atoms with an external light source, however we measure the b) Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS): We let through the fire a light beam with such a wavelenght that can be absorbed by ground state atoms and thus we measure the decrease of light intensity. b) Atomic fluorescent spectroscopy We irradiate the ground state atoms with an external light source, however we measure the

    6/17/2019В В· So that was all about Infrared spectroscopy, Principle, Instrumentation and Applications. hope it will help you. Categories Analysis Tags ir spectroscopy applications, ir spectroscopy instrumentation, ir spectroscopy pdf, ir spectroscopy How The Best Leaders Lead Free PDF Download Brian Tracy. Instrumentation of Atomic absorption 6/3/2013В В· application QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS : in atomic absorption spectroscopy, a different HCL is to be used for each element to be tested. It means that an element which Is used in in the construction of cathode of HCL, can be detected only. As QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS involves the checking of one element at a time, it means that the process is very laborious.

    PDF On Apr 1, 2015, R R Pawar and others published Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of In 1955 Walsh established the foundations of modern analytical atomic absorption spectroscopy. In the same year Alkemade and Milatz also published a paper suggesting similar procedures. The work of Walsh, however, was much more detailed, since he examined the theory of the method, the basic principles involved, the instrumentation requirements

    INSTRUMENTAL CHEMICAL ANALYSIS: BASIC PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES . 2 3.1.1a Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) 8 3.1.1b Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (AES) 8 Instrumentation: A simple flame photometer consists of burner, nebulizer, monochromator, detector and recorder. The following is the simplified figure: Introduction to Spectroscopy and Applications. March2017 i spectroscopy using modern instrumentation. Absorption spectroscopy is the study of light absorbed by molecules. For absorbance measurements, white light is passed through a sample and then through a device (such as a

    3/28/2011 · A short lecture about Atomic Spectroscopy: Flame Photometry, Atomic Absorption, and Atomic Emission with Coupled Plasma (FP, AA and ICP-AES). Presented at 28.03.2011, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, by Vasiliy Rosen, M.Sc. 2. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) Atomic Absorption pectrophotometer analytical S instrument is based on the principle of atomic absorption spectroscopy and is very useful to detect the metal ion concentration present in drinking water samples. When a sampe souton is asprated into a …

    Theory of Atomic Spectroscopy Basic Principles. Fundamentals of Absorption and Emission. Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) Introduction. Instrumentation. Spectral Interference. Chemical Interferences. Data Treatment Quantitative Analysis. Hyphenated … Chapter 2 is devoted to atomic-absorption spectrometry (AAS). The basics of AAS instrumentation are described, but there is little information on atomization and interference. mechanisms in both flame and electrothermal atomization (ETA). Indeed, of the fourteen pages …

    What is AAS? Atomic absorption spectroscopy is a commonly used technique for the determination of single elements in compounds. As the name suggests, the … b) Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS): We let through the fire a light beam with such a wavelenght that can be absorbed by ground state atoms and thus we measure the decrease of light intensity. b) Atomic fluorescent spectroscopy We irradiate the ground state atoms with an external light source, however we measure the

    The atomic absorption spectroscopy principle uses the fact that the free electrons generated in an atomizer can absorb radiation at specific frequency. It quantifies the absorption of ground-state atoms in the gaseous state. Atomic fluorescence spectroscopy: This is a combination of atomic emission and atomic absorption as it involves radiation Schematic Diagram For Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Atomic Absorption spectrometer is an instrument used for quantitative analysis of most of Monochromator Detector Nebulizer Read-out Schematic diagram. furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAA) (Figure 1). Figure 1. Simplified schematic diagram of the major components of a quadrupole ICP